These concepts can be introduced during the parsha.
The lessons can be ongoing. It’s important to take the time necessary, and let the child explore at their own pace.
• Math distances: a map shows distances
• Let the students make their own map to follow Avrahams travels.
• Have the students add up the distance from one place to the other.
• Deserts: (oasis: place in desert were there’s water and trees- Sahara largest desert in the world)
The compass rose: is a tool to help us find our way around the map, it points in the main direction North, South, East, West.
compass helps us find which way to daven (mizrach)
make a sign for mizrach (east)
• look at a map of Eretz Yisroel and the travel with Abraham from his father’s home to Eretz Cannan.
• During circle time show pic of objects from the time of Abraham (Living Torah Museum)
Discuss and ask were do you think we found this objects?
• what is archaeology? studying history through objects from people of the past
• What is an archaeologist? People who dig objects out of the ground and learn from them
• Create an archaeology dig. Let the students find the objects and speak about them.
Traveling with Avram
show the map of Egypt and the Nile river: (There was food in Egypt because the Nile river irrigated the crops)
• The Nile river and Egypt are in the continent of Africa. The river begins in the mountains of central and east Africa. (South of the Egyptian empire) From there the river runs north towards the Mediterranean sea.
• At the top of the Nile river the river splits this area is called the Nile delta. The Greek letter for D is “delta” is also shaped like a triangle.
• The Egyptians build their houses near the Nile because it was the only water source. It rarely if ever rains in Egypt.
• During the summer the water level is high during the winter its low.
• The river depends on the rain that falls during the summer. The water runs down mountains in central and east Africa the water fills the Nile in the south. pouring down the river all the way to the delta.
• Each year the Nile river floods making the ground soft and ready for crops, when the water recedes, when it goes back down it leaves behind all the mud and rich soil from the bottom of the river. This soil is called silt.
• The Egyptians depended on the Nile for survival, they would worship the Nile and pray to it. (the Egyptians pray downwards to nothingness we pray upwards to Hashem)
• Irrigation project: Make a model of the Nile river, place soil under and around the river.
Pour water making a flood. Watch how the soil is distributed and how the water flows into the river.
• Create an irrigation system in the garden.
Hieroglyphs – Writing in Ancient Egypt
• The first hieroglyphs were carved in stone, later the Egyptians invented a way to make paper out of a plant called Papyrus.
• Papyrus have long stalks that can grow up to 15 feet tall. The Egyptians cut the stalks, dry them, and wove them to make a kind of paper. Egyptians used red or black ink, and a pen made out of a reed.
• Show examples of Egyptian art and hieroglyphics
• Learn the hieroglyphic alphabet
• Bring a Papyrus plant, make papyrus paper
• The students can make their own artworks on the papyrus paper using hieroglyphics