The Development of Language
The study of language is one of the most important areas during the first few years of a child’s education; most children begin to speak at age one , at one and a half they are putting together words, by age three they are speaking fluent full sentences.
Dr. Montessori believed that a child learns the meaning of words constructing sentences using the rules of grammar and syntax to be able to convey meaning.
Language begins even earlier, when a baby begins to make noises and laughs in response to the person speaking to her, to the sound of a human voice. This is the beginning of her efforts to learn her language.
By a baby watching a person’s mouth moving they realize that voice come from the mouth, and also try to move their own lips as well.
A babies babble is spontaneous , it helps babies work the muscles needed to make sounds; eventually they loose the ability to babble; they learn to connect sound with movement of their tongue and lips; this is the beginning of sound repetition.
Around the age of one they begin to understand words and begin to speak them one word at a time.,making the first words of infants almost universally identical.
Throughout the second year there’s an increase in language comprehension. The child begins to speak deliberately and with meaning. At the end of the second year the child is combining two or more words into basic sentence.
After the age of two a sudden and rapid development called the ‘explosion of speech’ occurs. It is not ‘baby talk’, but speech with proper pronunciation. During the third year his vocabulary has expanded; he is constructing sentences properly without difficulty.
Throughout the world babies learn different languages going through the same process of speech no matter how complex that language is, or how much the child is taught to speak. The child only needs exposure to language to develop, the more talking the faster she will speak.